unless and until

unless and until
is an established expression which, like as and when, serves to intensify doubt about the outcome. It occurs in alternative forms such as unless or until, until or unless, and so on:

• Until and unless he discovered who he was, everything was without meaning —D. Potter, 1986

• Membership of the House of Commons is still the only legitimate qualification for real power in Great Britain and likely to remain so unless or until our national identity is totally submerged in Europe —Spectator, 1991.


Modern English usage. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • unless and until — See unless, unless and until …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • unless and until —  One or the other, please …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • unless and until —    One or the other, please …   Dictionary of troublesome word

  • unless, unless and until — Unless means except on the condition that. Its use as a synonym for without is nonstandard. Say I will not go unless you go with me, not I will not go without you go with me. Unless and until is a nonstandard phrase; the terms overlap. Do not say …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • until — until, till 1. Till is not a shortened form of until but is the older word; the un of until adds the element ‘up to, as far as’. The two words can both be used as prepositions (e.g. until/till tomorrow) or conjunctions (e.g. until/till we reach… …   Modern English usage

  • unless — See unless, unless and until …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • Until — Un*til , prep. [OE. until, ontil; un (as in unto) + til till; cf. Dan. indtil, Sw. intill. See {Unto}, and {Till}, prep.] [1913 Webster] 1. To; unto; towards; used of material objects. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Taverners until them told the same.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • LEGAL AND JUDICIAL SYSTEM — UNDER THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE (1876–1917) Judiciary Throughout the period from the promulgation of the Ottoman Constitution of 1876 until the present time there have been both secular and religious courts exercising jurisdiction in the territory of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HISTORICAL SURVEY: THE STATE AND ITS ANTECEDENTS (1880–2006) — Introduction It took the new Jewish nation about 70 years to emerge as the State of Israel. The immediate stimulus that initiated the modern return to Zion was the disappointment, in the last quarter of the 19th century, of the expectation that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Law, Crime, and Law Enforcement — ▪ 2006 Introduction Trials of former heads of state, U.S. Supreme Court rulings on eminent domain and the death penalty, and high profile cases against former executives of large corporations were leading legal and criminal issues in 2005.… …   Universalium

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